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Finding good reference stars

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Robin Leadbeater's picture
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Joined: 05/03/2014 - 00:50
Finding good reference stars

In the recent workshop there were discussions about how to chose what star to use as a reference to correct for the instrument response and atmospheric extinction.

In theory any star could be used provided it has a known stable spectrum but it is better to use hot (A or B or O) stars  as they have a smooth continuum with few lines so make extracting the instrument response easier. 

The reference star should be measured at a similar altitude to the target to minimise the effects of atmospheric extinction. (This is particularly important when observing low in the sky.)  Planning the timing of observations can help with this

Where possible it is always best to use a star with a reliable measured spectrum to compare with. (The resolution of the reference spectrum should also be as high as the measurements being made ) The MILES database of stars is an example of reference spectra suitable for use with the ALPY.  To help select a suitable MILES star, Paolo Beradi has produced a spreadsheet which lists them with their coordinates.  The link to it can be found in this thread on the ARAS forum http://www.spectro-aras.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=207&start=30#p2162 .   If you are interested this thread includes the history of how use of the MILES database as a soure of reference stars for amateur spectroscopists came about.

Alternatively any A or B star with a reliable spectral classification could be used combined with the generic Pickles spectra for that spectral class but take care it has low interstellar extinction which will redden the spectrum.  This is not ideal though as one is relying on the spectral classification being correct and the star being typical of its class. Francois Teyssier has produced a spreadsheet of bright A and B stars with low interstellar extinction potentially useful as reference stars which can be used with the Pickles generic standard spectra. It can be downloaded from his website here  http://www.astronomie-amateur.fr/ProjetsSpectro0.html

Both the MILES stars and spectra and the generic Pickles spectra used with Teyssier stars are included in the ISIS database.  Note that the latest version of ISIS 5.7.0 has keywords in the fits header to allow you to add what reference star was used and the source of the spectrum (eg MILES or Pickles)  It is a good idea to fill these in as it will allow spectra to be corrected should the star chosen or the reference spectrum used be found to be unreliable.

I hope this is useful.  comments welcome !

Cheers

Robin