Space missions

 

Contents

 

Updated 2017 January 31

 

Name

Launch Date

Objectives/Targets

Organisation

Mission Phase

Psyche

2023 October

To map and study the properties of asteroid 16 Psyche

NASA

Development

Lucy

 

2021 October

To study the geology, surface composition and bulk physical properties of Jupiterís Trojan asteroids.

 

Additional information

NASA

Development

OSIRIS-REx

2016 September 8

1) Return and analyse a sample of asteroid Bennuís surface

2) Map the asteroid

3) Document the sample site

4) Measure the orbit deviation caused by non-gravitational forces (the Yarkovsky effect)

5) Compare observations at the asteroid to ground based observations

NASA

Operational

Gaia

2013 December 19

The main goal of the Gaia mission is to make the largest, most precise three-dimensional map of our Galaxy by surveying an unprecedented one per cent of its population of 100 billion stars. Gaia will also map the positions of asteroids and comets in the Solar System

ESA

Operational

WISE

 

2009 December 14

WISE will study: asteroids, the coolest and dimmest stars, and the most luminous galaxies.

NASA

 

Operational

 

SOHO

1995 December 2

Study of the Sun from its deep core to the outer corona and solar wind

ESA/NASA

Operational

STEREO

2006 October 6

STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) employs two spacecraft, one ahead of the Earth and one trailing, to study the Sun and CMEís

NASA

Operational

Rosetta

2004 March 2

Comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko which it will reach in 2014. Passed by (2867) Steins in 2008 and will fly by (21) Lutetia in 2010

ESA

Mission completed

EPOXI

(Retargeting of Deep Impact Spacecraft)

-

Comet Hartley 2 which it is scheduled to reach on 4 Nov 2010

NASA

Mission completed

Herschel

2009 May 14

Galaxy and stellar formation studies, chemical composition of comets, planets and satellites, molecular chemistry of the universe

ESA

Mission completed

New Horizons

2006 January 19

Pluto- Charon and the EKB

NASA

Operational

Vega 1

1984 December 15

Comet Halley (and Venus)

Soviet Academy of Sciences

Mission completed

Vega 2

1984 December 21

Comet Halley (and Venus)

Soviet Academy of Sciences

Mission completed

Sakigake

1995 January 8

Comet Halley

ISAS

Telemetry lost 1995 November 15

Suisei

1985 August 18

Comet Halley

ISAS

Mission completed

ICE (previously ISEE 3)

1978 August 12

Comets Giacobini-Zinner and Halley

NASA

Mission completed 1997 May 5

CONTOUR

2001 July 3

Comets Encke andSchwassmann-Wachmann-3

NASA

Spacecraft lost after launch

IUE

1978 January

Making ultraviolet observations, Halleyís Comet during its 1986 visit, Jupiterís atmosphere after the impact of Comet Shoemaker-Levy in 1994.

ESA, NASA, PPARC

Mission completed 1996

Giotto

1985 July 2

Comets Halley and GriggĖSkjellerup

ESA

Mission completed 1992

Deep Space 1

1998 October 24

Technology test vehicle, Comet Borrelly

NASA

Mission completed 18 Dec 2001

Stardust

1999 February 7

Collect dust samples from Comet Wild 2

NASA

Mission completed 15 Jan 2006

Deep Impact

2005 January 12

Comet Tempel 1

NASA

Mission completed August 2005

Solwind (P78-1)

1979 February 24

Solar observation

NASA

Mission terminated 1985 September 13 when it was shot down in orbit during a USAF anti-satellite missle test

Solar Maximum Mission

1980 February 14

Solar observation

NASA

Mission completed 1989 November

 

 

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